Posts Tagged ‘change’

Conflicts between groups of people plague us. Nations wage war. Neighboring cities compete. Allegiances to political and religious institutions divide.

I’m already beginning to see the havoc in the first weeks of a history class about early and medieval Christianity. Of course Christianity is not the only religion to experience conflicts. Just glance through a good introduction to the major religions (something like Stephen Prothero’s God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions that Run the World), and you’ll see what I’m saying. And of course we see intergroup conflict between other kinds of establishments.

Group of People Standing Holding Culture

Christianity isn’t the only conflicted religion, but its story certainly has its fair share of the mess. And I get to learn about it this semester.

(Although I haven’t always appreciated church history, I’m enjoying this course. Over the last 15 years, as I’ve seen history explain contemporary experiences and even provide some possible responses, I’ve grown to value it. For example, why do Churches of Christ typically worship with voices unaccompanied by other musical instruments? How should church leadership be done? What do I pray when my life is falling apart? Church history addresses all of these and more.)

There’s a lot of positive in the story of this religion. There’s also plenty of negative. But I want us all to understand that the negative doesn’t discredit Christianity in relation to alternative worldviews. All the options have imperfections.

Questions of Culture

One of the imperfections in Christianity (but not just here) is conflict between cultural groups. In the early church, we see this between Jews and non-Jews. (Nothing against Jews here! Jesus is a Jew.) There also was conflict in the church between Jews who wanted to welcome non-Jews and Jews who weren’t so open to that. (Remember that this kind of thing happens everywhere. If the church had started in my home state of Texas instead of Israel, I’m sure there would have been cultural conflicts between the Mexicans and the white folk and between people open to intergroup relations and those preferring monoculturalism.)

This is a struggle in the early life of the church. How can we worship and work together if we’re so different from each other in our talking and thinking and eating and other cultural practices? We still ask similar questions today. What worship songs can connect with all the cultural groups represented in our communities? Where can we find preaching styles that connect cross-culturally? How can we get past the excessive whiteness of our traditional worship styles? (Not to ignore churches that deal with other cultural limitations or have learned to worship and minister in more diverse ways.)

In response to all these questions, we need to hear two answers. One is beautiful but theoretical, and the other is more practical but not as easy as you might want.

Answer One: Jesus

The first answer is that Jesus is our peace and has broken down the dividing wall of cultural hostility (Ephesians 2:14). Some people joke that, when you’re asked in a church Bible class a question to which you don’t know the answer, the answer probably is Jesus. In a sense Jesus is the answer, but in many cases other answers might better respond to the questions. Here, however, the answer is Jesus, who has destroyed the dividing wall between people groups. The people addressed in Ephesians 2 are cultural groups. In the struggle to worship and work together as members of Jesus’ church, we should remember that Jesus “is our peace,” a peace that we are to embody and enact.

Answer Two: Ministry

The second answer responds to questions of how we live out that peace. Should we worship and work in separate communities of Jesus followers, with people of one culture in one congregation and people of another culture in another congregation? Should we strive to incorporate people of diverse cultures in the same congregation? If so, how should we navigate cultural differences? The answer is neither singular nor simple. Church leaders must wrestle with these questions, praying for divine direction, in their respective cultural contexts. What works in Memphis, where I live, might or might not work in Los Angeles or Singapore.

A Needed Conversation

Congregations of Jesus’ followers must proceed through these issues prayerfully and carefully but intentionally and actively. Choosing not to wrestle with matters of cultural reconciliation is choosing not to participate in the peace that is Jesus. When we move forward, with guidance from the Holy Spirit, in efforts to bring diverse cultural groups together in the church, we live out God’s mission of reconciliation (Ephesians 1:9-10).

This was not easy in the early church, and it’s not easy today. Not all cultural groups connect well with all styles of preaching, music, and leadership. One cultural group might benefit from sitting on pews and listening to a lecture, while another might worship more meaningfully when sitting in a circle and engaging in a conversation. One group might experience God through slow, meditative hymns. Another group might more likely encounter the Divine through energetic praise songs. A group might function well with hierarchical leadership, and another might function better with more egalitarian leadership.

And these differences exist not only along cultural lines but also along lines of age, sex, economics, education, and other demographics. There is no single answer that fits every context. I encourage church leaders to study their respective cultural contexts as they study scripture and theology. The best course of action in any situation arises from a conversation between these voices. The point here is to have the conversation, to pray about what needs to be done, and to take action in partnership with God who is reconciling the world through Jesus, our peace who has knocked down the wall.

Churches need such conversations in every generation. If a church had this kind of conversation decades ago, that’s great; but the church needs to regularly ask the questions in order to faithfully and responsibly embrace changing cultures with God’s love.


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I’ve long treasured these words from the beginning of Romans 12: “be transformed by the renewing of your mind.” Following Jesus involves a change not just in how we act but even in how we think. God transforms us through intellectual renewal (inner change). When I pay attention to words before and after this passage, I see a reason and a way for that change.

The “Therefore” in verse 1 directs us to the words of praise at the end of chapter 11. In that explosion of beautiful praise, we see that God blows our minds; God surpasses our comprehensions. Because of God’s extravagant greatness and goodness, we want to think and act in a renewed way.

In words that follow Romans 12:1-2, we see that this new way of thinking comes in community. In that community, we shouldn’t think too highly of ourselves but with “sober judgment.” Thinking of ourselves with “sober judgment” includes not only avoiding unhealthy pride but also avoiding excessively low images of ourselves. In that community of faith, we all have God-given gifts to contribute. Those gifts include prophesying (speaking messages from God), serving, teaching, encouraging, giving financially, leadership, mercy, and more. (The list in the text isn’t exhaustive.)

Reflecting on God’s vast glory and using our gifts in the church help us experience transformation of thinking.

(Day 330: Romans 11-13)

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Healthy organizational change requires sensitive leadership that listens to wise counsel.

King Solomon dies, and his son Rehoboam inherits the throne. His people fear that he might be overbearing, so they ask him to take it easy on them. He consults some experienced mentors who served as his father’s advisors, but he doesn’t like their input. Then he turns to other young men, friends he grew up with, who tell him to treat the people harshly. He follows the advice of his contemporaries, and the result is disastrous.

Young ministers who assume church leadership should listen not only to other ambitious youngsters but also, and especially, to older, wiser, more experienced leaders. (I’m writing as an ambitious youngster, not quite as young as when I first entered ministry leadership but more ambitious with a growing desire to help the church live out God’s mission.) Faithful church leadership is intergenerational; we must listen to youthful enthusiasm and weathered wisdom.

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We rise and fall in transitions. Changes can strengthen or destroy individuals and organizations.

At the end of Deuteronomy, we come to the end of the Moses story and witness transitions. The leadership baton passes to Joshua. The pep rally speech reaches a conclusion, and it’s time for the people to begin entering their future homeland. One book ends; another is about to begin.

What transitions do you experience? Going to college? Changing majors? Making relationship or career decisions? Choosing to believe? The death of a loved one? A new life?

Transitions fill our existence. How can we maneuver them faithfully?

Deuteronomy 34:9 suggests an answer. Like Joshua, we should receive wisdom from God and mentors. With that wisdom, we’re prepared for inevitable transitions.

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